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Publications EXP276.1-2015


EXP276.1-2015 - Design requirements for marine structures associated with LNG facilities (DRMS)

Publication Year:

  • 2015

Total Pages:



  • CSA


This is the first edition of CSA EXP276.1, Design requirements for marine structures associated with LNG facilities (DRMS). This Express Document is not a consensus publication; that is, it is not a Standard and it has not been formally reviewed or approved by a CSA Technical Committee.

Several new liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities are presently proposed to be constructed on the west coast of British Columbia. These new facilities will utilize existing or new marine structures to berth and load LNG carriers. A single comprehensive Canadian standard does not currently exist to provide guidance on the design of these marine structures specific to the needs of the west coast of North America. The purpose of this Express Document is to fulfill an immediate need for design guidance pertaining to the LNG marine structures.

CSA Z276-15, Liquefied natural gas (LNG) – Production, storage, and handling, establishes essential requirements and minimum standards for the design, installation, and safe operation of LNG facilities for the liquefaction of natural gas. CSA Z276 covers facilities for the storage, vaporization, transfer, handling, and truck transport of LNG. Clause 11.4 of CSA Z276 provides minimum guidance with respect to the requirements and standards for the civil/structural marine facilities associated with LNG loading. This Express Document is intended to supplement the requirements in CSA Z276, Clause 11.4.

This Express Document addresses the engineering marine structures that provide structural support to topworks and that are used to moor/berth LNG carriers. It should be noted that while this document does not define construction requirements, it is expected that the construction of the marine structures will be executed in accordance with engineering design consistent with the requirements contained herein.

This Express Document does not mandate regulatory requirements, but rather provides advisory guidance and sets minimum requirements that may be followed to demonstrate compliance with local and national codes and regulations, and industry best practices. Alternative design codes and standards that are not specified in this document may be used, provided that pertinent local and national regulations are satisfied and that it can be demonstrated that the design meets industry best practices.

This Express Document has been prepared and reviewed by the Development Committee on Marine Structures for LNG.


This Express Document (herein referred to as "this Document") establishes minimum engineering requirements for the design of LNG marine facilities in order to minimize risk of structural failure that could result in LNG spills or other releases and to protect the public safety and the environment.

This Document is not a design handbook, and as such is intended as guidance to qualified, competent, and suitably experienced engineering professionals.


1.1 General

This Document applies to the engineering analysis and design of permanent marine structures that provide structural support to topworks, and that are used to moor/berth LNG carriers.

1.2 Applicability

This Document is applicable to the civil/structural components of the marine terminal, as shown in Figures 1 to 3, and includes the following:

a) shore-side abutment;

b) access trestle from shore to the loading platform;

c) loading platform;

d) berthing and mooring dolphins;

e) catwalks; and

f) quay wall structures.

1.3 Change of use of existing structures

Change of use of existing structures refers to the utilization of an existing marine structure that when initially constructed was not intended to load LNG. Existing marine structures that are converted to load LNG should conform to the design guidelines provided herein.

It should be noted that this Document does not cover the entire scope of work associated with assessing, rehabilitating, and converting an existing marine facility to an LNG facility.

1.4 Excluded from Scope

This Document does not apply to

a) floating LNG terminals and ship-to-ship transfers; however, there may be fixed structures forming part of such facilities for which this guidance may be applicable;

b) construction requirements; and

c) design and operations of the topworks supported by the marine structures.

1.5 Terminology

In this Document, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Document; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Document.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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