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Publications B1800-18

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B1800-18 - Thermoplastic nonpressure piping compendium

Publication Year:

  • 2018

Total Pages:

350

Publisher:

  • CSA

Preface

This is the sixth edition in the form of a compendium of the CSA B181 and CSA B182 series of Standards, published as CSA B1800, Thermoplastic nonpressure piping compendium. It supersedes the previous editions of the compendium, published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, and 1999. It consists of the following Standards:

• the fourth edition of CSA B181.0, Definitions, general requirements, and methods of testing for thermoplastic nonpressure piping, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, and 2006;

• the eleventh edition of CSA B181.1, Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) drain, waste, and vent pipe and pipe fittings, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, 1999, 1996, 1990, 1985, 1973, and 1967;

• the twelfth edition of CSA B181.2, Polyvinylchloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinylchloride (CPVC) drain, waste, and vent pipe and pipe fittings, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, 1999, 1996, 1990, 1987, 1985, 1973, and 1967;

• the eighth edition of CSA B181.3, Polyolefin and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) laboratory drainage systems, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, 1999, 1986, and 1971;

• the eighth edition of CSA B181.5, Coextruded acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene/polyvinylchloride (ABS/ PVC) drain, waste, and vent pipe, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, 1999, 1995, and 1994;

• the twelfth edition of CSA B182.1, Plastic drain and sewer pipe and pipe fittings, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, 1999, 1996, 1992, 1987, 1983, 1977, and 1967;

• the ninth edition of CSA B182.2, PSM type polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, 1999, 1995, 1990, and 1983;

• the tenth edition of CSA B182.4, Profile polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, 1999, 1997, 1992, 1990, and 1983;

• the seventh edition of CSA B182.6, Profile polyethylene (PE) sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof sewer applications, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, 1999, and 1992;

• the fifth edition of CSA B182.8, Profile polyethylene (PE) storm sewer and drainage pipe and fittings, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, and 2002;

• the eighth edition of CSA B182.11, Standard practice for the installation of thermoplastic drain, storm, and sewer pipe and fittings, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2006, 2002, 1999, 1995, and 1967;

• the third edition of CSA B182.13, Profile polypropylene (PP) sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof sewer applications, which supersedes the previous editions published in 2015 and 2011;

• the second edition of CSA B182.14, Profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) storm sewer pipe and fittings, which supersedes the previous edition published in 2015; and

• the second edition of CSA B182.15, Profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) sewer pipe and fittings, which supersedes the previous edition published in 2015.

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B181.0-18 - Definitions, general requirements, and methods of testing for thermoplastic nonpressure piping

Scope

1.1
This Standard covers thermoplastic nonpressure piping, including

a) drain, waste, and vent pipe and pipe fittings;

b) sewer and storm pipe and pipe fittings; and

c) accessories such as factory-assembled expansion joints, closet flanges, backwater valves, and cleanouts.

1.2
This Standard specifies general requirements for compounds and for manufactured pipe and pipe fittings, the relevant test methods, and marking requirements.

1.3
This Standard is intended to be used in conjunction with one of the other Standards in the CSA B181 or CSA B182 series to form a complete Standard for a particular product.

1.4
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B181.1-18 - Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) drain, waste, and vent pipe and pipe fittings

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) drain, waste, and vent (DWV) pipe, pipe fittings, and accessories such as factory-assembled expansion joints, closet flanges, and backwater valves.

Notes:

1) Recommended installation practices for ABS-DWV pipe are specified in Annex A. Use of these recommended practices can help to ensure proper installation and optimum service life.

2) The maximum pressure used to test DWV installations should be 100 kPa (see Clause A.5.2).

1.2
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B181.2-18 - Polyvinylchloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinylchloride (CPVC) drain, waste, and vent pipe and pipe fittings

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for polyvinylchloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinylchloride (CPVC) drain, waste, and vent (DWV) pipe, pipe fittings, and accessories such as factory-assembled expansion joints, closet flanges, backwater valves, and fire-stop fittings*.

* The fire stop is for use in fire separations only. It can be subject to code requirements not covered in this Standard. See the definition of "Fire-stop fitting" in Clause 3.1 of CSA B181.0.

Notes:

1) Recommended installation practices for PVC-DWV pipe are specified in Annex A. Following these practices will help ensure proper installation and optimum service life.

2) The maximum pressure used to test DWV installations should be 100 kPa (see Clause A.5.2).

1.2
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B181.3-18 - Polyolefin and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) laboratory drainage systems

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for compounds, pipe, and fittings used in polyolefin and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) laboratory drainage systems for corrosive applications.

Notes:

1) Polyolefin includes both PE and PP plastics.

2) PVDF includes emulsion or suspension polymerization of vinylidene fluoride, and copolymers of vinylidene and hexafluoropropylene produced by emulsion or suspension.

3) Other thermoplastics may be certified to this Standard provided that they comply with the requirements specified in this Standard.

1.2
Pipe and fittings covered in this Standard are intended to be joined by heat fusion using joining equipment supplied by the manufacturer.

1.3
This Standard is not intended to provide for interchangeability between plastic pipe and fittings from different manufacturers, but it does allow for transition fittings used to join one manufacturer’s product to another’s, provided that the joining technique is other than heat fusion.

Note: For guidance on fusion joints and aboveground and underground installations, refer to Annex A.

1.4
Polyolefin laboratory drainage systems having characteristics differing from or additional to those covered by this Standard should be investigated to determine whether they comply with the intent of this Standard.

1.5
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B181.5-18 - Coextruded acrylonitrile-butadiene- styrene/polyvinylchloride (ABS/PVC) drain, waste, and vent pipe

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for coextruded thermoplastic drain, waste, and vent (DWV) pipe with an outer layer of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and an inner layer of polyvinylchloride (PVC) or with outer and inner layers of ABS and a core of PVC.

1.2
Pipe manufactured in accordance with this Standard is intended to be used with fittings, accessories, and solvent cement that comply with the requirements of CSA B181.1.

Note: Recommended storage, handling, and installation practices for coextruded ABS/PVC-DWV pipe are provided in Annex A of CSA B181.1. Use of these recommended practices can help to ensure proper installation and optimum service life.

1.3
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B182.1-18 - Plastic drain and sewer pipe and pipe fittings

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for

a) plastic drain and sewer pipe and plastic pipe fittings with pipe stiffness of 275, 320, or 625 kPa, including single-wall, coextruded, and coextruded dual-wall pipe with a smooth interior;

b) single-wall, non-corrugated, perforated plastic pipe and plastic pipe fittings with a pipe stiffness of 200 kPa;

c) coextruded dual-wall perforated plastic pipe with a smooth interior, corrugated exterior, and a pipe stiffness of 200 kPa; and

d) solvent cement.

Notes:

1) Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction because chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers, and temperatures greater than 60 °C, can be encountered.

2) Guidance on the relationship between pipe stiffness and the end use of the pipe is given in Annex A.

1.2
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B182.2-18 - PSM type polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for SDR 26, 28, 35, and 41 PSM type polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings.

Notes:

1) Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction because chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers, and temperatures greater than 60 °C, can be encountered.

2) Nominal pipe size is indicated by an NPS designation, and actual dimensions are given in millimetres. For example, an NPS-10 pipe will be nominally 10 in in diameter.

3) See the definition of "PSM" in Clause 3.1 of CSA B181.0.

1.2
Pipe manufactured to this Standard may have multilayer construction, and the middle layer may have reprocessed-recycled content.

Note: In this Standard, the term "multilayer" refers to pipe having three layers.

1.3
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B182.4-18 - Profile polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for profile polyvinylchloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings of pipe stiffness 70 and 320 (PS70 and PS320), based on controlled inside diameter.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) Industrial waste disposal lines should be installed only with the approval of the authority having jurisdiction because chemicals not commonly found in drains and sewers, and temperatures greater than 60 °C, can be encountered.

3) When PS70 pipe is used, the appropriate authority having jurisdiction should be consulted.

1.2
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B182.6-18 - Profile polyethylene (PE) sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof sewer applications

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for profile polyethylene (PE) sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof applications (e.g., sanitary sewer and other gravity-flow applications).

Profile wall pipe includes both open and closed profile with smooth interiors and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. Open profile pipe is of an annular construction. Closed profile pipe is of an annular or helical construction.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

3) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.

4) Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2
This Standard does not cover helical open profile pipe.

Note: The ESCR requirements of this Standard can be unsuitable for helical open profile pipe.

1.3
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B182.8-18 - Profile polyethylene (PE) storm sewer and drainage pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for profile polyethylene (PE) storm sewer and drainage pipe and fittings for gasketed and non-gasketed leak-proof applications.

Profile wall pipe includes both open and closed profile with smooth interiors and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. Open profile pipe is of an annular construction. Closed profile pipe is of an annular or helical construction.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

3) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.

4) Annex F should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2
This Standard does not cover helical open profile pipe.

Note: The ESCR requirements of this Standard can be unsuitable for helical open profile pipe.

1.3
This Standard does not cover 210 kPa pipe in sizes smaller than NPS-12.

1.4
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B182.11-18 - Standard practice for the installation of thermoplastic drain, storm, and sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for the installation and testing of thermoplastic and steel- reinforced PE pipes used for the conveyance of drain, storm, and sanitary effluent in gravity-flow systems.

Note: Users of this Standard should recognize that installation specifications cover a broad range of conditions for thermoplastic pipe.

The engineer should tailor the installation specifications to special conditions and the contract documents. The documentation should specify any work or materials not covered by this Standard.

1.2
This Standard applies to pipe manufactured in accordance with CSA B182.1, CSA B182.2, CSA B182.4, CSA B182.6, CSA B182.8, and CSA B182.13, CSA B182.14, and CSA B182.15.

1.3
This Standard does not apply to pipe manufactured in accordance with CSA B181.1, CSA B181.2, CSA B181.3, and CSA B181.5. For the installation practice of pipe manufactured in accordance with

a) CSA B181.1 and CSA B181.5, see Annex A of CSA B181.1;

b) CSA B181.2, see Annex A of CSA B181.2; and

c) CSA B181.3, consult the manufacturer.

1.4
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B182.13-18 - Profile polypropylene (PP) sewer pipe and fittings for leak-proof sewer applications

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for profile polypropylene (PP) sewer pipe and fittings for leak- proof applications (e.g., sanitary sewer and other gravity-flow applications).

Profile wall pipe includes both open and closed profile with smooth interiors and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. Open and closed profile pipe are both of an annular construction, but not compatible or interchangeable due to structural differences in profile geometries.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

3) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters.

4) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns of the lay length of fittings covered by this Standard.

5) Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

6) Appropriate structural design criteria for PP sewer pipe can be found in ASTM F2736 and ASTM F2764/ F2764M. ASTM F2736 covers 12 to 30 NPS open profile pipe and ASTM F2764/F2764M covers 30 to 60 NPS closed profile pipe.

1.2
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B182.14-18 - Profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) storm sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) sewer pipe and fittings for storm sewer, and other gravity-flow applications.

Profile wall pipe in this Standard includes open profile pipe of helical construction, with a smooth interior and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. The pipe can be perforated, for specific applications, as required.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) The structural design of this product should be in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

3) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

4) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters used to determine installation deflection limits.

5) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns covered by this Standard.

6) Refer to Annex D for examples of Type 3 non-gasketed coupling joints.

7) The ordering recommendations in Annex E should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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B182.15-18 - Profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) sewer pipe and fittings

Scope

1.1
This Standard specifies requirements for profile steel reinforced polyethylene (SRPE) sewer pipe and fittings for sanitary sewer and other gravity-flow applications.

Profile wall pipe in this Standard includes open profile pipe of helical construction, with a smooth interior and sizes based on controlled inside diameter. The pipe can be perforated, for specific applications, as required.

Notes:

1) Pipe and fittings manufactured in accordance with this Standard should be installed in accordance with CSA B182.11.

2) The structural design of this product should be in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

3) Refer to Annex A for recommended quality control test frequencies.

4) Refer to Annex B for base inside diameters used to determine installation deflection limits.

5) Refer to Annex C for fitting patterns covered by this Standard.

6) The ordering recommendations in Annex D should be followed to ensure that the requested products are described adequately.

1.2
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

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